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Old Southern Zana is a language that was once spoken on Nautli Island. It is a direct descendant of Ancient Zana.

Phonology Edit

The consonantal phonem inventory of is rather small. The only special phoneme is the alveolar non-sibilant approximant, which is written as ⟨z⟩.

labial alveolar palatal velar
plosives p t k
nasals m n ŋ
fricatives s
approximants ð̠̞ ⟨z⟩ l w

The vowel phonemes are identical to that of Ancient Zana. However, there are some new diphthongs, that appear in the ultimate and penultimate syllable of some words.

Words in Old Southern Zana always end in a vowel.

Morphosyntax Edit

Old Southern Zana has developed a new possessive case, that is used for alienable possession, while the old genitive case is now only ever used for inalienable possession. In addition, some nouns have acquired irregular nominative forms.

Lexicon Edit

cat - PN:*lxejeen - lázjémá, lázínóúká (pl)

dog - PN:*jikvò - zimou

epidemic - PN:*qong 'death' - ámá

five - PN:*pèlik 'finger' - peljeka

girl - PN: *jăngvi 'daughter' - zamu

fire - PN:*olxes - ólásá

be cold - PN: *neen - njémá

arm - PN: *vèstu 'hand' - ostwo

chief - PN: *vòqvă 'head' - ou

intelect - PN: *qvikăh 'heart' - oka

I - PN: *pi - pje

weed - PN: *nxaroo 'grass' - nálwó

language - PN: *jănxă - zana

to know - PN: *hèjă 'to see' - eza

day - PN: *nxasx 'sun' - nasa

sky, horizon - PN: *srajako - sázámóú

wife - PN: *engva - émóú

rain - PN: *paleeng 'water' - páljémá

lizard - PN: *ratxa - látá

husband - PN: *pxahtan 'man' - patama