| Proto-Shodot |
|Total speakers||0 (12,000 at peak)|
|Writing system||Unknown, possibly pre-Runic|
|Basic word order||SOVX|
|Morphology||Fusional, occasionally agllutinating|
Morphology and Syntax Edit
Verbs in Proto-Shodot conjugate almost identically to Proto-Marawo verbs, except for the lack of the fourth person, and the merging of the near and remote future; Proto-Shodot also conjugates every form, unlike Proto-Marawo which doesn't have forms for 1st and 2nd person present. For verbs ending in consonants, add /e/ between the verb and the ending.
Verbs are non-perfect by default. To form the perfect, add the auxiliary mahāy before the verb. Move the conjugation to the auxiliary, and leave the verb unconjugated. To form the imperfect, use ohāy instead.
To form the progressive, prepend the auxiliary a. Unlike the imperfect, do not conjugate the auxiliary.
EX: mām marsiloš "mother milks."
Noun inflections in Proto-Shodot are agglutinative, unlike Proto-Marawo's, which are fusional. They are also much simpler, consisting of only a singular, dual, and plural number system, as well as only ABS, ERG and DAT forms marked morphologically. All other cases are marked lexically. The come in Thematic (vowel/approximant-final) and Athematic (consonant-final) varieties.
Other cases are formed with prepositions and particles:
- Genitive: gom [noun]
- Instrumental: avēš [noun]
- Vocative: ā [noun]
Thus, a noun can, for example, be both ergative and genitive without requiring much more complex inflection schemes.
Nouns are indefinite by default. To make a noun definite, prepend ši.
Proto-Shodot drops the 3-way gender distinction found in Proto-Marawo in favor of a two way male-female distinction. In its place, there is a third person column. Pronouns conjugate in the same way as nouns.
Haviʔi govayne gom Posadone rakugiloš "Haviʔi requests Posadone's help"
Avēš gubwī gom ma, ma immāše hāmešis "With my spear, I hunt some bears."