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Proto-Shodot
N/A
Pronunciation N/A
Period 3000BK
Spoken in Hanaia
Total speakers 0 (12,000 at peak)
Writing system Unknown, possibly pre-Runic
Classification Marawo-Shodot
Typology
Basic word order SOVX
Morphology Fusional, occasionally agllutinating
Alignment ERG/ABS
Credits
Created by YourFace
Proto-Shodot is the common ancestor of the Shodot languages, spoken on Hanaia.

Morphology and Syntax Edit

Verbs Edit

Verbs in Proto-Shodot conjugate almost identically to Proto-Marawo verbs, except for the lack of the fourth person, and the merging of the near and remote future; Proto-Shodot also conjugates every form, unlike Proto-Marawo which doesn't have forms for 1st and 2nd person present. For verbs ending in consonants, add /e/ between the verb and the ending.

RPST NPST PRES FUT
1 -šeu -šim -šiš -šis
2 -vau -vam -vāš -vas
3 -lōu -lom -loš -los

Verbs are non-perfect by default. To form the perfect, add the auxiliary mahāy before the verb. Move the conjugation to the auxiliary, and leave the verb unconjugated. To form the imperfect, use ohāy instead.

To form the progressive, prepend the auxiliary a. Unlike the imperfect, do not conjugate the auxiliary.

EX: mām marsiloš "mother milks."

Nouns Edit

Noun inflections in Proto-Shodot are agglutinative, unlike Proto-Marawo's, which are fusional. They are also much simpler, consisting of only a singular, dual, and plural number system, as well as only ABS, ERG and DAT forms marked morphologically. All other cases are marked lexically. The come in Thematic (vowel/approximant-final) and Athematic (consonant-final) varieties.

Thematic Athematic
SG DU PL SG DU PL
ABS no no-d no-se o o-d o-se
ERG ne ne-d ne-se e e-d e-se
DAT nā-d nā-se ā ā-d ā-se

Other cases are formed with prepositions and particles:

  • Genitive: gom [noun]
  • Instrumental: avēš [noun]
  • Vocative: ā [noun]

Thus, a noun can, for example, be both ergative and genitive without requiring much more complex inflection schemes.

Nouns are indefinite by default. To make a noun definite, prepend ši.

Pronouns Edit

Proto-Shodot drops the 3-way gender distinction found in Proto-Marawo in favor of a two way male-female distinction. In its place, there is a third person column. Pronouns conjugate in the same way as nouns.

1st 2nd 3rd
Masculine ma go či
Feminine may goy čis

Example sentences:

Haviʔi govayne gom Posadone rakugiloš "Haviʔi requests Posadone's help"

Avēš gubwī gom ma, ma immāše hāmešis "With my spear, I hunt some bears."